Greek prounciation

I think I may have cracked one of the most difficult puzzles of learning Greek – that of the double syllables. These tend to get skipped out of language lessons as English doesn’t have χ (kh), ps ψ, ts τσ, mp μπ or tz τζ. Need to add in the fact that f φ in Greek is ph in English too eg photo φωτο etc.These are found at the start of common words like khelona χελονα (turtle), psomi  ψωμί (bread), tsipouro τσιπουρο (famous Greek spirit and politician) There is also tzomi (window glass) as a window is usually referred to παραθυρο parathyro. The secret to conquering these as I was told long ago and it has only just occurred to me that this is the way, is to ignore the first letter and just continue with the rest. So in effect, these are the silent letters in Greek. So although Greek is a very phonetic language; there is, of course, a catch. Therefore it is (k)helona turtle, (p)somi bread, (p)sari πσαρι [fish], (p)zonizo ψωνίζω verb to shop, (t)sipouro or (t)sipouros τσιπουροσ[Greek prime minister], (t) sea bream τσιπουρα.
Special mention needs to go to the fact that d δ is pronounced th (thelta not delta), b β is pronounced v (vita not beta), tz is pronounced b (hence [George] Best starts tz), χ is pronounced h as in λαχανικα lahanika (vegetables) or χαλι hali (a wool rug), there is no c its k κ instead (akrobates ακροβατες instead of acrobat), there is no j its io instead (Ioannina ιωαννινα ie the Greek city not joannina) and there is no w (not to worry here unless your name is William and then its νασιλλις ). μπ is another that crops up a lot (μπορο boro etc) and is pronounced b so I always have to remember that as it doesn’t logically follow if your English. The ν is an n sound, so while not a double, it is another one that you wouldn’t usually think of if your English ie νησι nisi is island . Also, you have to think that when you want to write th in Greek it is most likely either a θ theta or a δ delta as that’s how they represent those sounds.Penultimately I need to mention about ο and ω. When an English person thinks o they write omicron ο which is usually incorrect and you need to be writing omega ω instead. The last thing that needs mentioning is the eta η meaning the e sound which is most frequently used when an English person wishes to write ε because of the similiarity. ντ is a sound that turns up occasionally but I don’t think I’ve quite mastered that one yet. ντουζινα meaning dozen.
As for spelling that requires a different post later on as spelling is a tricky thing in the Greek language as they don’t tend to spell things in just one way. It also doesn’t help that they change the spelling of simple words like egg αυγα to αβγα to make it easier to spell but easier for who?

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Realisations

I’ve just started listening to the Michel Thomas language learning CDs in Greek for the foundation course and what struck me was the nature of the language is very accusatory. As an example of this take the sentence, “Do you want a sandwich and an ouzo?” It can be said in various ways but is usually a polite inquiry, at least in English anyway. However, when this sentence is rendered in Greek it becomes θελουετε ένα σάντουιτς και ούζο; So literally you want a sandwich and an ouzo? It almost sounds like a mafia Don is trying to make you an offer you can’t refuse.  This rails against my English sensibilities and I find it very difficult to be so direct and almost so rude as it’s so abrupt in its tone. I’m always trying to find out what is “Do you …” in an attempt to translate directly from English which is the worst thing you can do as the grammar is so different that it doesn’t work! Breaking away from the boundaries of the English language to speak in a completely differently orientated one is quite a challenge as it almost requires developing a separate personality. This is the only way I can categorize in behaving in 2 ways which are almost at odds with each other in how they tackle even basic questions. My friends are shocked when I try to teach them and I try to impress upon them the need for volume and also for passion with whatever they are trying to say. It doesn’t really work even though I try each year. I admire people that manage to sort out this kind of linguistic difficulty in their head as I’m having great trouble.

The problem of too much choice

This is a key word if you’re trying to take advantage of the multiple ways to do anything nowadays. Gone are the days when things could only be done the one preset way that tradition demanded that things always be done in that manner. Now the world is your oyster but this presents you with a completely different paradox. There are now so many ways to be explored and things that can be done that you become lost in the multitude of options that are now available to you and with the current preoccupation of not settling down and always getting your options open as you never know whats around the corner what do you do? Well to settle this conundrum once and for all you have to analyse all of the possibilities that are currently open to you. Ignore anything that may happen in the future for the time being as we are trying to cull the list now to something that is manageable so there needs to be a cut-off point. Afterwards, when you can see what you can do, you can start making some decisions as to what you would like to do and what you wouldn’t. Feasibility comes later after your preferences have been recorded because if you are sufficiently motivated by something, you will make it happen no matter the difficulties.

If you are someone like me you will have a tough time making up your mind as to which interest you follow next and just let fate decide for you but that’s, no way to live a life. You need to stand up for yourself and be counted amongst the human beings that have done something worthwhile in their lives and left a legacy behind regardless of what it is. A mark on humanity saying I was here is always worth your time as for some it’s their children, others its a work of art, a novel or maybe even an invention. A few contribute such ground breaking advances in science such as the discovery of a new element or DNA but each of us must make sure we are responsible for at least one thing even if it’s just a house we renovated to live in it more peacefully.

I believe achieving this will give you a sense of purpose and happiness because as the noted philosopher Aristotle once mused and maybe I’m paraphrasing a bit too much here – the purpose of life is happiness.

Reading

I love reading and I have always done so. I am an excellent reader as I can comprehend pretty much anything in English regardless of subject or complexity and I will do it pretty quickly too. People are quite frequently amazed at how quickly I can accomplish reading anything and that I not only understand it but can reiterate what it said too. Now for a person so versed in the ways of the English language you think I would know all about the different ways and methods of learning to read etc but I’m always finding out new things about my abilities that I didn’t know before like the differences between intensive reading which is reading for quality and making sure that you know the meaning of each and every word that you come across and extensive reading. Extensive reading is for quantity and your skim reading an article to get the gist of it but you don’t fully understand the meaning that is contained in the sentences. Both kinds can be for pleasure although the former is more like the style I use and the latter is a more dyslexic style but is also useful in studying. I have found to help my learning style in Greek that I need to practice more extensive reading as its too difficult to intensively read at my current level. I’m not progressing as well as I would like which is disheartening considering the amount of time that I devote to my Greek studies. I have found a new source of reading material the Gutenberg website which was a previous issue as I couldn’t find anywhere to get any literature but there are lots out there. You just have to find out where its located as it’s not easily accessible if you don’t know what you are looking for. I would like to thank Steve Kaufmann for bringing this to my attention but also Kato Lomb as it was her that first advocated this approach of reading to acquire sufficient knowledge in a foreign language to be able to communicate in it.

Update

It’s been a very long time since I have written on this. Too long in fact but a lot of progress has happened in my Greek language learning ability. I have recently undertaken the 3-month challenge that is espoused by Benny the Irish polyglot in his fluent in 3 months scheme. While I don’t think that is a realistic goal anymore then when I was jokingly challenged to become fluent in Greek in 2 weeks; I have improved tremendously and there is a lot more to learning a language than just being a walking dictionary which is my usual not particularly helpful approach. The most useful thing I have found is that LingQ have started doing Greek mini stories and this is good for me as I like reading and this is mainly how I pick things up. I like watching all of Steve Kaufmann’s videos about how he learns languages and his progress in the Greek language. Listening and reading are so very important in order to be able to understand the material that you come across because if you don’t have comprehension then you are not going to get anywhere. There is quite a lack of reading material online if you a) want something free and b) something that doesn’t cover dry boring topics like politics or the economy. If for example, I wanted to read a story book that wasn’t to teach children how to read, I have had to buy some books off Amazon. I choose the series that everyone uses but its difficult to find especially if you have no idea what you are looking for due to the fact they are Greek so don’t normally come up in search results. https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/3190053170/ref=s9u_cartx_gw_i4?ie=UTF8&fpl=fresh&pd_rd_i=3190053170&pd_rd_r=PYCMWVBH0G92X8HNBFP1&pd_rd_w=lnVbP&pd_rd_wg=W9RQv&pf_rd_m=A3P5ROKL5A1OLE&pf_rd_s=&pf_rd_r=JNCC6DCKTMX38GPBKVXA&pf_rd_t=36701&pf_rd_p=16f14aeb-bd11-4e9e-8c26-9ca0139074ee&pf_rd_i=desktop

 

Review

I’ve just been reading my old articles to assess my progress in Greek and life in general and come across the fact that I am a bit creepy. I guess obsession comes across that way and it can be extremely off putting for others. I’ve never realised quite to the extent that I push things. I know I’m childish as that’s all part of the ever present Aspergers. The curiousity, the wide eyed wonder and just plain marvelling at the world. I also forget that just because I think something or someone is the best thing since sliced bread, most other people are not going to feel the same way. 

I feel sorry for those that end up being the target of my obsessions as I can’t help it but I feel compelled to know everything about you and to talk to you on a regular basis as its a way of building a friendship although its really only a monologue. I understand that it was a phase that I went through and I hope you do too. 

The difference between an obsession and a passion

Now I’m no stranger to either having had several of each during my life so far. However it’s only just now though that I’m learning which interests  belong in which of the aforementioned categories. An obsession is an all burning desire to know everything about a subject as quick as possible and this usually includes boring others with the immense amount of details that you have picked up in a short space of time. This continues until your curiousity about the topic at hand has been sated and you just get bored and stop doing it all of a sudden and your left wondering what do you do now as this has run your life for however long it was. A passion by contrast still contains the same elements but you recognise that others are not quite as interested in it as you so you quietly pursue your goals by yourself. At least until the next obsession distracts you but the thing about passions is that you always come back to them like classic styling in clothes while the obessions will come and go rather like fast fashion trends.

Therefore in order to get the best out of a life that will constantly be obstructed by novelty, you have to allow for the fact that your passions will be slow burn areas to be worked on in the periods between the much faster burning obsessions. Life is a series of trade offs but we always have to be checking that we are making the correct ones for our current situation as circumstances mean adaptation is necessary for an optimum lifestyle.